Joseph-Maurice Ravel was a French composer of Impressionist music known especially for his melodies, orchestral and instrumental textures and effects. Much of his piano music, chamber music, vocal music and orchestral music has entered the standard concert repertoire.

Ravel's piano compositions, such as Jeux d'eau, Miroirs  and Gaspard de la Nuit, demand considerable virtuosity from the performer, and his orchestral music, including Daphnis et Chloé, Boléro (1928) and his arrangement of Modest Mussorgsky's Pictures at an Exhibition, uses a variety of sound and instrumentation which inspired many composer and orchestrators who followed him.