Horenstein, Jascha

The distinguished Russian-born American conductor, Jascha Horenstein, began his musical training in Königsberg as a piano student of his mother, and he also studied with Max Brode. In 1911 his family moved to Vienna, where he studied philosophy at the University and, starting from 1916, was a pupil of A. Busch (violin), Joseph Marx (music theory), and Franz Schreker r (composition) at the Vienna Academy of Music. He then continued his training with Franz Schreker at the Berlin Hochschule für Musik (1920). From 1920 Jascha Horenstein served as an assistant to Wilhelm Furtwängler in Berlin and began his career conducting the Schubert Choir in Berlin. In 1923 he was a guest conductor with the Wiener Symphoniker. Returning to Berlin, he conducted the Blüthner Concerts (1924) and was conductor of the Berliner Symphoniker (1925-1928); he also appeared as a guest conductor with the Berliner Philharmoniker. He became principal conductor of the Düsseldorf Opera in 1928, and then the company's Generalmusikdirektor in 1929, but was removed from that position in March 1933 by the Nazi regime because he was a Jew. His Düsseldorf tenure was the only permanent musical directorship in his career. After conducting in Europe, Australia, New Zealand, and Palestine, he went to the USA in 1940 and became a naturalized American citizen. He also taught at the New School for Social Research while in New York City. Following the end of World War II, Jascha Horenstein resumed his career in Europe. He became especially admired in England, where he appeared as a guest conductor with the London Symphony Orchestra. In 1961 he made his debut at London's Covent Garden conducting Fidelio. His final operatic, and British, engagement was his March 1973 performances at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden of Richard Wagner's Parsifal.
Image Credit: 
Derek Allen

Aeolian Quartet

Aeolian Quartet
String Quartet
The Aeolian Quartet was a highly reputed string quartet based in London (UK), with a long international touring history and presence, an important recording and broadcasting profile. It was the successor of the pre-War Stratton Quartet. The quartet adopted its new name in the late 1940s and disbanded in 1981. During the early 1970s they maintained a busy schedule in the UK, including appearances at Universities for concerts or master-classes. They were awarded Honorary Degrees at the University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne in 1970, and were also connected with the University of Reading and the University of East Anglia. They gave regular broadcasts on the BBC.[14] In 1973–76 they were engaged on a recording project for Argo Records (UK) (a limb of Decca), to record the complete Haydn quartets using a new edition by H.C. Robbins Landon. This was the first fully complete recording.[15] The Quartet broke new ground with a televised performance of all Beethoven's Late Quartets for BBC 2 Television channel, broadcast on five consecutive nights in March 1975, and afterwards repeated in other countries.

Walton, Bernard

Bernard Walton (1917 – 3 June 1972) was a British classical clarinetist. Walton was born into a musical family. His grandfather was a cellist with the Hallé Orchestra under the eponymous founder Charles Hallé, and his father played in the Queen's Hall Orchestra. He was taught by George Anderson, who was the principal clarinetist at the founding of the London Symphony Orchestra under Hans Richter in 1904. Walton later studied at the Royal College of Music. In 1937, shortly before his 20th birthday, he was appointed principal clarinetist of the London Philharmonic Orchestra, joining his father, uncle, and brother as members of that orchestra. He served as principal clarinetist of the Philharmonia from 1953 to 1966, when Walter Legge left the orchestra in 1964. Walton tried unsuccessfully to persuade Legge to continue with the orchestra, and after his departure, Walton was the principal influence in establishing the Philharmonia (now renamed the New Philharmonia Orchestra) as a self-governing body and he served as its first chairman.
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A powerful and original symphonist, Robert Simpson (1921-1997) gave new life to the form at a time when the avant garde was enthusiastically declaring its death. His Symphony No 3 is dedicated to his friend and fellow composer Havergal Brian. It is a work of dramatic contrasts and irrepressible energy; Robert Simpson described the second of its two movements as “a huge composed accelerando”. The London Symphony Orchestra is heard here under legendary Russian conductor Jascha Horenstein.

Coupled with the Symphony No.3, the Clarinet Quintet recalls Simpson's lifelong study and admiration of Beethoven - particularly, in this case, the String Quartet in C-#, Op.131.

Originally released on Unicorn-Kanchana Records.


'This CD picks up part of [Simpson's] early legacy and presents it in all its pioneering freshness... This is a valuable document of the world's earliest awakening to Simpson's distinctive and completely genuine voice.'  MusicWeb


The Ancora Series is supported by Arts Council England


Symphony No.3:

Recording date: 5 June 1970
Recording venue: Barking Assembly Hall, London

Clarinet Quintet:
Recording date: 5 August 1970
Recording venue: Christ Church, Chelsea

Engineer: Bob Auger 
Producers: Antony Hodgson, Robert Simpson
Editing & mastering: Ben Turner for Finesplice

Cover image: Photo (C) Alfred Lengnick & Co. Ltd

(P) 1990 Unicorn-Kanchana Records

Alfred Lengnick
Catalogue number:
NMC D109
Release Date:
1 April 2006